Goal of REMCAP
REMCAP Focus Markets


The REMCAP focus markets represent demand for a variety of resources that are extracted from the sea. These include energy, food and materials. REMCAP has identified 8 priority markets which will form the basis of its project development work. Market maturity is a key determinant of the innovation support needed in that market, and accordingly forms an important focus point for REMCAP. Innovation priorities are mostly well-known for established sectors, but unknown for emerging sectors. Some of the REMCAP focus markets are well-established (e.g. fishing) while others are developing (e.g. offshore wind energy) or embryonic (e.g. wave energy). The maturity of REMCAP focus markets is categorised according to the DG Mare categorisation of the maturity levels of marine & maritime markets.

REMCAP Focus Markets According to Maturity Level

Offshore Wind

Offshore wind

Offshore wind covers all activities related to the development and construction of wind parks in marine waters, and the exploitation of wind energy by generating electricity offshore. Its value chain includes research and development, impact assessment, planning, design, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance and decommission, together with support vessel construction, maintenance and operation.

Ocean Energy

Ocean Energy

Ocean energy, or ocean renewable energy, consists of: tidal energy (both tidal range and tidal current), wave energy, osmotic or salient gradient technology, and OTEC (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion). Its value chain is broadly similar to that of offshore wind and includes research and development, impact assessment, planning, design, manufacture, installation, operation, maintenance and decommission, together with support vessel construction, maintenance and operation.



Fishing in the context of REMCAP is taken to mean the extraction of fish from the oceans for consumption or use in products. Its value chain includes vessel construction, propulsion and fuels, monitoring and surveillance, processing, distribution and packaging.

Fish and shellfish

Aquaculture - Fish and shellfish

Aquaculture of fish and shellfish means farming aquatic organisms, mainly for human consumption. It is composed of three major sub-sectors: marine shellfish farming (e.g. oysters and mussels, shrimps, other crustaceans), marine finfish farming (salmon, sea bass and sea bream being the most important) and freshwater finfish farming (trout, carp, eel, etc.). Its value chain includes capture fisheries, fish food production, equipment, supply, finance and logistics, processing, and marketing & distribution.


Aquaculture - Algae

Aquaculture of algae can be differentiated in macro-, and micro algae. Micro algae are unicellular organisms that are produced on land either in open ponds or in bioreactors. Macro algae are multicellular organisms growing from photosynthesis. These can be farmed (aquaculture) or exploited by extraction from natural populations in coastal areas (algae extraction). Macro algae are farmed mainly at sea in Europe. Its value chain is broadly similar to fish and shellfish.

Blue Biotech

Blue Biotech

'Blue biotechnology' involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses from the sea, in engineering, technology and other fields requiring bio products. Blue biotechnology differs from algae aquaculture as it uses these products for manufacturing (EC Blue Growth Strategy, 2012). Its value chain includes research and development, demonstration, production and processing.

Agg and dredge

Aggregates & Dredging

Marine aggregates can be defined as sedimentary material - sand or gravel of various sizes (grades). Extraction of marine aggregates typically involves dredging of the deposit to remove it from the seabed. Its value chain includes value-added processing, manufacture, shipyards and ship construction, engineering and maintenance, port facilities and fuel supply.

seabed mining

Seabed Mining

Seabed mining involves the extraction of mineral deposits from the sea-bed. There are three main types of deep-sea deposits with commercial potential as mineral resources: seafloor massive sulphides or SMS (which can contain high concentrations of copper, zinc, gold, silver, cobalt and lead), polymetallic nodules, and cobalt-rich manganese crusts. The value chain for this market is relatively similar to aggregates and dredging.



Marine South East Ltd.
2 Venture Road, Southampton Science Park,
Southampton SO16 7NP, UK.
Tel: +44 (0) 2380 111 590
Email: coord@remcap.eu

REMCAP is a Coordination Project funded by the
Research DG of the European Commission within
the Regions of Knowledge programme of FP7